Screening Tools for SDOH Domains

Screening Tools for Social Drivers of Health (SDOH) Domains

While screening for multiple social needs domains has begun in some clinical settings like primary care, healthcare providers or CQIs newly embarking on screening may choose to focus on screening for a select number of social needs domains. This should be based on the patient population and community setting.

For example, in rural areas transportation needs are often higher than in urban or suburban areas. Similarly, some communities with high rates of food insecurity should be more regularly screened for food needs. Certainly not all social needs have to be screened for and addressed in every encounter. Beginning with a needs assessment by investigating community prevalence of SDOH, or conducting an informal poll of practices or hospitals can help inform which social needs are prime targets for new SDOH-focused initiatives.

Health care providers and CQIs can selectively screen for individual social needs. Here we summarize focused screening tools for MSHIELD’s five focus areas (Food Insecurity, Housing Instability, Transportation/Access to Care, Utilities, and Interpersonal Safety). Using the Hunger Vital Sign, which offers a validated 2-item version of the USDA food security screener, and items addressing other social needs from the AAFP, AHC and PRAPARE tools, MSHIELD recommends the following seven questions as a starting place for social needs screening in health care settings:

MSHIELD Recommended Social Needs Screening Tool

MSHIELD Social Needs Screening Tool.pdf

Screening Tools for Multiple SDOH Domains

Several screening tools have been developed to assess multiple domains of patients’ individual social needs or broad SDOH and are summarized in detail by the UCSF Social Interventions Research & Evaluation Network (SIREN):

Information on some of the most commonly used multi-SDOH screening tools recommended by MSHIELD is included in Table 2 in the Best Practices Guide for Evaluating Social Drivers of Health, where you can find a breakdown of the number of questions included in each screening tool by area and sub-domain. 

Looking for the Demographic Data Screening Tool? 

MSHIELD_Demographic Screening Tool_updated.pdf

MSHIELD Recommended Demographic Data Screening Tool 

6+ questions for screening patient race, language, disability, gender identity, and sexual orientation